Download HPS2006 Rules in pdf (which may contain minor editorial
1. HPS2006 Structure
1.0 Dates and
locale: the HPS2006 will be held on the 19th of July through the 23rd
July, 2006 at
Offshore Model Basin
578 Enterprise St.
Escondido, CA 92029
1.1 Application of
regulations: These Regulations apply to all aspects of the
HPS2006. The HPS2006 includes registration of the teams and
contestants, oral design presentations, inspection of the submarines,
and speed trials.
1.2 Purpose: The
Purpose of HPS2006 is to enhance the engineering education of
university level students by their participation in the design and
construction of a submarine.
1.3 Acceptance of
regulations: Teams and persons participating in the HPS2006 are assumed
to know the Regulations. Participation in the HPS2006 by
the teams or persons will constitute acceptance of the regulations.
headquarters: All mailed correspondence should be forwarded to:
San Diego, CA 92120
1.5 Officials: A
team of Officials to conduct Registration, Judging, and Timing will be
selected by ASME Organizers. Officials having specific duties
will be announced to the teams through a newsletter and at the HPS2006.
1.6 Jury: The
organizers may form a jury made up of three to five members. The
Jury will judge protests on the conformity with these Regulations, team
disputes, and penalties, except safety decisions which are solely
controlled by the dive master of the day. In addition, during the
HPS2006 the Jury is empowered to decide cases not specifically covered
by the Regulations, and cases filed after the HPS2006.
promotion and publicity: All advertising, sales promotion and publicity
material produced by the entrants or their sponsors concerning or
referring to the HPS2006 will refer prominently to the HPS2006 as the
HPS2006. By entering the HPS2006, all teams and team members
agree to the use of their names and photographs in any publicity
materials that may be issued by the HPS2006’s sponsors.
2. Entries: Teams
must submit required registration materials on time to obtain or
maintain registered status. HPS2006 must receive registration
materials by the dates specified or the team’s participation may be
2.0 Team Entries:
The HPS2006 is open to colleges, universities, trade schools and other
post-secondary and secondary educational institutions. Each
Institution /Team wishing to participate in the HPS2006 must submit an
entry consisting of a team entry form and the applicable fee per
2.2.1. The form is due April 30, 2006 along with the fee.
Submit forms/payments to headquarters per section 1.4.
An entry from multiple Institutions
is permitted. An Institution may support more than one teams’
entry. The entries are used to officially register all teams for the
Demonstration of underwater operation
of the submarine prior to the HPS2006 is mandatory for entry. A
VHS videotape or photographs of the safety and marking features of the
submarines shall be submitted by June 30, 2006. The submarine
must be substantially complete in the video/photographs, any incomplete
features must be listed with completion plans and dates and provided
with the tapes/photos. The video/photos shall demonstrate the following:
stripes and identification numbers on both sides of the
operation of the canopy release mechanism both inside and outside the
Operation of the operator constraint release mechanism.
markings for releases and constraints
normal operating position of the operator(s).
Safety Diver’s view of occupant heads and faces and air gages per 3.6.2
egress of the operator(s) including operation of any necessary devices.
occupant escape without assistance and occupant unconscious rescue.
2.1 Team Member
Entry: Team members shall be ASME student members and full time credit
earning students having good academic standing at the sponsoring
institution during 2006. Participants who will not enter the
water during the HPS2006 need not need register as team members.
To assure the safety of divers and
the purpose of the HPS2006, and to meet insurance requirements, each
member of the team who enters the water must meet certain additional
of Dive certification
appropriate releases and forms.
· Full time
student during 2006.
The forms for registering individual
team members will be posted on the HPS2006 web site and must be filed
by April 30, 2006. Additional dive certifications, first aid
cards, etc. should be photocopied and sent in with individual
registrations for judging of the safety prize. Evidence of
enrollment must also be submitted. Submit forms/payments to
headquarters per section 1.4.
2.1.1 Exception to
ASME membership can be applied for before April 15th. The
applicant must submit documentation of membership in 2006 in a
professional organization appropriate to the applicant’s participation
in the design of the submarine. The applicant must also submit a
letter explaining the applicant’s contribution to the design and why
membership in the professional organization is more appropriate than
membership in ASME. Submit the application to headquarters per
2.1.2 Exception to
an engineering major can be applied for before April 15th. The
applicant must submit documentation of full time university enrollment
in 2006 in a major appropriate to the applicant’s participation in the
design of the submarine. The applicant must also submit a letter
explaining the applicant’s contribution to the design and how their
major subject is useful to the design team. Submit the
application to headquarters per section 1.4.
registration: Anyone entering the water at the HPS2006 must be
registered in advance. Onsite registration is not available. This
· Any other
non-refundable five hundred dollar ($500) entry fee will be assessed
from each submarine racing team. The entry fee must be submitted by
April 30, 2006. Checks must be in US funds drawn on a US
bank. Due to US banking practices, non US checks cannot be
accepted. The committee will attempt to arrange a credit card
payment method for non US teams. Checks may be payable to:
“ASME - San Diego
The form and payment should be
forwarded to HPS2006 headquarters per section 1.4.
2.3 Awards: Awards
for speed will be given for the four categories of section 2.5.
Additionally, an overall award and
several lesser awards will be given for the design portion of the
Oral Design Presentation
An oral design presentation shall be
given by each team. The presentation will be judged on:
Content: The presentation clearly explains the design and
manufacturing tradeoffs and decisions made by the team.
Knowledge: Each team member demonstrates in depth knowledge of
their portion of the design.
Delivery: The oral presentation and the visual aids are excellent.
A minimum level of safety is required
for participation in the HPS2006 per these Regulations. The
Safety Award is for safety features, practices, and training which
exceed the requirements of these Regulations. Teams who violate
any safety regulation are not eligible for the safety award, even after
correction of the violation.
Awards beneficial innovations in
Awards well designed, efficient, and
easily functioning submarines.
Awards excellent craftsmanship in
Awards coordinated and practiced team
operations. Discourages excessive delays caused by unprepared
Due to differences between design
categories per section 3.1 and differences in athletic ability, speed
will not be considered in the Engineering Award. The Safety,
Innovation, Design, Construction, and Operation categories above will
each be considered equally, and the Oral Presentation Award will be
considered at 200% the score of the other categories in assigning the
Overall Engineering Award.
2.4 Guinness Book
of Records: The Guinness Book of Records recognizes as World Speed
Records, the fastest propeller driven and non propeller driven human
powered submarine. The HPS2006 committee will document and submit
to the Guinness Publishing Company any record claim exceeding current
speed records, consistent with the established methodology.
International Records: The IHPVA recognizes as International
Records the fastest:
propeller driven human powered submarine.
propeller driven human powered submarine.
non propeller driven human powered submarine.
non propeller driven human powered submarine.
The HPS2006 committee will document
and submit to the IHPVA any record claim exceeding current speed
records, consistent with the established methodology.
3. Design Technical Regulations
For the purposes of the HPS2006, a submarine is defined as a free
flooding (water filled; the transient presence of air bubbles before
venting is acceptable) marine vehicle that fully encapsulates the
occupant(s) and operates entirely beneath the surface of the water. Air
filled devices such as air purged transmission components and ballast
and attitude control systems are allowed provided that appropriate
pressure relief devices are incorporated. Gasses other than
breathable air are prohibited.
Racing is defined as the period of
time starting when any one sub has departed the starting area and until
it comes to a stop and a crewmember has notified a Safety Diver that it
has completed its run.
Pool Operations is defined as the
period of time starting any time the DM has declared that pool
operations are in affect which usually requires a minimum number of
Safety Divers in the pool; paramedics on site and in position; and
radio communications with key personnel are established.
3.2 Propulsion Type
3.2.1 A propeller
is defined as a thrust generating impeller which rotates 360 degrees or
non-propeller system is defined as any propulsion system other that
that described in 3.2.1.
Propulsion Energy: All submarine propulsive power must be supplied by
the human(s) aboard the submarine at the time it is used. Use of
stored energy for propulsion is prohibited. Stored energy may be
used for control, breathing, and other non-propulsion purposes provided
that this energy will not incidentally propel the submarine.
Braking: Submarine braking devices are not required. However, a
cargo net will be suspended across the basin after the exit of the
timing gate. Its purpose, if necessary, is to “catch” the sub and
bring it to a stop. The catch net will have a web spacing of not
more than 1 foot. Any damage to a sub caused by the catch net is
the sole responsibility of the sub team. The following types of braking
are not allowed: Drogue chutes and sea anchors or similar devices;
“Catcher” divers; and braking by rapid ascent or breaching. Refer
to the facility Description, Section 4.0 for a description of the
available deceleration space.
3.5 Drag reduction
and lubricants: The use of drag reduction materials is permitted
provided that the material(s) is non-hazardous, non-dissolving and will
not slough off into the model basin. If drag reduction material(s) are
used, teams must submit documentation to support the qualities of
materials used. Given the closed water basin, tank conditions
must be maintained throughout the HPS2006. The judges reserve the
right to deny the use of any drag reducing material(s).
Lubricants must follow the same rules and should be biodegradable
vegetable types. Any other materials which would pollute the
basin are prohibited. Documentation of any such chemicals shall
be submitted to headquarters by April 30, 2006.
3.6 Life support
systems: All submarines must have on board for each occupant a
totally independent primary air supply. Submarines shall not
operate with less than 1000-psi air pressure in any primary life
support bottle. These air supplies may only be used only for life
support. All air pressure tanks must have a current visual inspection
and hydrostatic test, a current United States Department of
Transportation (DOT) approval, and must be filled within the limits of
the DOT approval.
3.6.1 The primary
air supplies shall be carried onboard the submarine and have the
capacity to provide adequate air supply for each crewmember to propel
the submarine through the course at depths to 5 meters.
3.6.2 Breathing air
pressure gages shall be readily accessible and continuously visible to
the occupant breathing from the air system. Occupants, when
requested, shall show pressure gages to support or safety divers.
3.6.3 All breathing
air used by the contestants shall be compressed normal atmospheric
air. Special air mixtures such as Nitrox or oxygen-enriched air
3.6.4 All breathing
air must be delivered via an open circuit SCUBA regulator. The use of
other air systems, such as re-breathers or closed-circuit systems is
3.6.5 Support dive
air supply: All support divers shall be equipped with octopus
regulators so as to support all submarine crew activities. All
support divers are required to monitor their own air supply, and shall
not allow their air supply to fall below 500 psi.
organizers reserve the right to inspect and declare the fitness for use
of all life support equipment used by the submarine crew and team
requirements:. Submarines shall be constructed and marked such
that rescue of injured or unconscious occupants by safety divers
totally unfamiliar with the submarine is simple and quick.
Unassisted escape of occupants must also be simple and quick.
Fluorescent orange or pink coloring is required for all devices the
rescuer or occupant will need to operate for egress, including hatch
releases, restraints, etc. The use of pink or orange or red
markings on submarines is restricted to the specific safety
requirements of these regulations and to other safety devices
designated by the teams.
3.7.1 All head and
face areas of all occupants must be visible to one safety diver at one
location at all times to ensure the safety of the crew.
Viewports, windows, canopies, etc. are required and shall be located on
the submarine such that the crew has as unrestricted view as possible,
especially forward, in the case of the pilot, and such that the safety
diver has the view required above.
3.7.2 If in use,
crew restraint devices must be easily visible, easily accessible and
easily releasable by safety divers and the restrained occupants.
Personal restraint devices must incorporate a single point release
mechanism. All restraint devices, including foot restraints, must be
marked with fluorescent orange or pink paint or tape. If attached
to the hull, the location of restraint attach points on the hull shall
be brightly marked with minimum 200 square centimeters of fluorescent
orange or pink paint per hull attach point. A Hull Attach Point
is the point(s) at which the harness attaches to the hull of the
submarine. The mark shall be a square centered over the point or
an arrow pointing to the point. The use of simple instructions
such as “PULL” or “TURN” in black letters approximately 3 cm high with
5 mm line width over the pink or orange field is allowed. Handles
and cords incorporated in the restraint shall also be marked in pink or
orange. Cords restraining occupants shall be cuttable with a
standard dive knife.
3.7.3 Towed surface
floats, flashing beacons, transponders, deadman emergency buoy systems,
and any other systems not specifically required by the regulations are
NOT required. However, safety features which exceed the
requirements of these rules are encouraged and will be considered in
the election of the safety prize winner. Releasable masses or any
other devices which could cause rapid ascents are prohibited.
3.7.4 The crew
compartment(s) of the submarine must be readily accessible with a hatch
or canopy release mechanism. Each submarine occupant shall be
able to exit the submarine without moving equipment (other than the
canopy or hatch) or other occupants. Each occupant shall be able to
open their applicable hatch. The handle or release mechanism(s) shall
be operable from by either the occupant or external rescuer(s). The
location of inside and outside release mechanisms on the hull shall be
brightly marked with minimum 200 square centimeters of fluorescent
orange or pink paint per release. The mark shall be a square
centered over the release or an arrow pointing to the release.
The use of simple instructions such as “PULL” or “TURN” in black
letters approximately 3 cm high with 5 mm line width over the pink or
orange field is allowed. Release handles and cords shall also be
marked in pink or orange.
tips, control surface tips, and other protruding devices which may
entangle in nets or hit nearby divers shall be painted or marked in
fluorescent orange or pink for the outermost 8-12 centimeters for easy
Communications: Any devices which cause interference with race
equipment or operations are prohibited.
certification: All divers, including submarine occupants and team
support divers, must show current minimum “Open Water” level scuba
certification by a nationally recognized diver certification
organization (NAUI, PADI, YMCA, SSI, etc.). A copy of that
certification must be included with the individual’s entry form.
Failure to show adequate proof of certification will disqualify that
individual from the HPS2006.
precautions: Each team is responsible for the operating worthiness of
their submarine. Passing judging or implementing changes
suggested by judges does not relieve the team of any liability. All
submarines, life support systems, including support diver equipment
must be maintained in a safe and functional condition and be operated
safely at all times. A team may be disqualified and withdrawn
from the HPS2006 at any time if it is judged to be operating in an
unsafe manner, which includes but is not limited to: sudden surface
breaching, lack of safe directional control of the sub, crewmembers who
are not in a safe medical condition to be a crewmember at any time
during the HPS2006, and lack of adequate communications and/or
coordination with the sub’s support divers.
3.9.1 The dive
master has final authority over boats and divers in the water.
Teams who endanger other submarines and divers will be advised.
Recurring dangerous activity will result in the team disqualification
and removal from the basin. Safety is a prime concern in this
HPS2006. Any safety decisions by any safety diver or the HPS2006
chairman or his designee shall be heeded under penalty of
disqualification and removal from the facility. The dive master
has final authority in review of all HPS2006 safety decisions
identification: The name of a submarine and paint scheme is left to the
discretion to the team. Any graphics related to the submarine name,
team’s Institution(s) and or sponsors are permitted, provided they are
neither offensive nor disruptive. It is advised that each submarine be
painted with high-visibility coloration for the purposes of easy visual
location. The use of certain colors is restricted by section 3.7.
3.10.1 Each team
registered for the HPS2006 will be assigned a unique hull
identification number. If a submarine team prefers a specific number,
they may request it be assigned to their hull by email or on the Team
numbers must be positive integers, 2 digits maximum. In the event of
conflict, hull numbers will be assigned on a first-come-first-served
identification numbers must be clearly displayed on both sides (port
and starboard) of the hull.
number shall be placed in a solid color field extending 2.5cm beyond
· The digits
shall be at least 25cm in height and 10 cm in width and shall have a
line width of at least 2.5 cm.
· The color
of the hull number and the background color must be in high contrast.
having more than a single digit must have a minimum of 2.5 cm spacing
3.10.2 To provide a
clear target for the timing cameras, a high contrast vertical color
transition shall be affixed to both sides of the submarine. The
transition shall consist of
minimum 5cm wide stripes of contrasting color immediately adjacent to
each others, and the stripes shall be minimum 60 cm in height.
transition shall be placed anywhere along the hull where it will be
3.10.3 For the
numbers and stripes discussed in this section contrasting colors means
black and white or a similar very dark and very light color combination.
3.11 Judging: Each
team registering for the HPS2006 must submit their submarine for
inspection to verify vehicle safety and compliance with the
Regulations. In addition, spot checks for regulation compliance may
take place during and immediately after the HPS2006. Teams
failing to pass the inspections will be allowed to correct deficiencies
to participate in the speed trials, however, safety deficiencies
disqualify teams from the safety prize even if corrected.
Modifications made to an entry after safety judging may require
re-inspection. A complete submarine is required for judging.
Teams failing to pass safety inspection will be denied access to the
basin. Judges will also inspect the submarines and interview the team
members to determine the engineering prizes.
4. Race Proceedings
description: The HPS2006 is staged in an indoor fresh water model tow
· 48 feet
· 15 feet
are 6’ above the tank floor
· A stripe
on the floor defines the center of the lane.
4.1 Protests: Any
team that desires to file a protest must do so in writing by submitting
an official protest letter to HPS2006 Headquarters. The dive master of
the day has final authority on all safety decisions. The jury
will hear all other protests.
Judgements: Final safety decisions are made by the dive master of the
day. The decision of the jury on any other matter is final and no
further appeals are allowed. The jury will notify HPS2006
Headquarters of their decision, and HPS2006 Headquarters will then
inform the affected teams.
to Be Heard: Protests will be heard by the jury at the earliest
possible jury sitting. However, it may be necessary in some instances
for the jury to postpone the hearing on a protest.